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萨古鲁谈正本清源-关于瑜伽的七大迷思

放大字体  缩小字体 发布日期:2019-05-01  作者:萨古鲁  浏览次数:148
核心提示:There is a lot of yoga happening in the world today that has very little to do with what yoga really is. Several myths a
 

There is a lot of “yoga” happening in the world today that has very little to do with what yoga really is. Several myths about this ancient practice have long been masquerading as facts. It’s time we demystify yoga, in Sadhguru’s very own words.

当今世界上有许多瑜伽门派与真正的瑜伽是几乎不相干的。关于这项古老的修习实践,有几个谬误广为流传,已经被人们当作事实。用萨古鲁的话来说,现在是该正本清源,还瑜伽本来面目的时候了。

Myth 1: Yoga comes from Hinduism

迷思1:瑜伽来自印度教

Sadhguru: Yoga is Hindu just the way gravity is Christian. Just because the law of gravity was propounded by Isaac Newton, who lived in a Christian culture, does it make gravity Christian? Yoga is a technology. Anybody who is willing to make use of it can make use of it.

萨古鲁:说瑜伽是印度教的东西,如同说地心引力是基督教的东西。仅仅因为万有引力定律是由艾萨克·牛顿提出,而牛顿恰好生活在基督教文化之中,这能使地心引力变成基督教的吗?瑜伽是一门技术,谁愿意利用它都可以。

Why the yogic sciences have gotten labeled as Hindu by a few ignorant people is because this science and technology grew and prospered in this culture, so naturally it has gotten associated with the Hindu way of life. The word “Hindu” has come from the word “Sindhu”, which is a river. Because this culture grew from the banks of the river Sindhu or Indus, this culture got labeled as Hindu. Hindu is not an “ism” – it is not a religion. It is a geographical and cultural identity.

瑜伽科学被少数无知的人贴上印度教(Hindu)的标签,是因为这门科学技术是在印度教文化中发展繁荣起来的。很自然的,它就与印度教的生活方式被联系在一起。“Hindu”这个词来自单词“信度”(Sindhu)——一条河的名字。这种文化是从信度河或印度河两岸发展起来的,因此被称作Hindu。Hindu不是一种“主义”,不是一种宗教,它只一个地理和文化身份。

Myth 2: Why be a human when you can be a pretzel? Yoga is all about impossible postures.

迷思2:如果你能成为一块椒盐卷饼,为什么还要做人呢?瑜伽都是关于不可能的姿势。

Sadhguru: When we utter the word “yoga”, most people on the planet only think of asanas . Of all the different things that the science of yoga explores – just about every aspect of life – today’s world has chosen to represent yoga with only the physical aspect. In the yogic system, there is very little significance given to asanas. For a little over two hundred Yoga Sutras, only one sutra is dedicated to asanas. But somehow, in modern times, this one sutra has gained significance over everything else.

萨古鲁:当我们说到“瑜伽”这个词的时候,这个星球上的绝大多数人只会想到体式。在瑜伽科学探索的诸多领域中——瑜伽所涉及的领域实际上包括了生活的各个方面——当今的世界只选择了身体方面来代表瑜伽。其实在瑜伽体系中,体式只有那么一点点的重要性。在《瑜伽经》的二百句经文中,只有一句是专注于瑜伽体式的。但不知何故,在当代,这一句经文却获得了超过一切的重要性。

 

In many ways, it is a clear manifestation of where the world is going. The whole journey of the modern world is just this, from deeper dimensions – from the spirit – to body. That is exactly what we want to reverse. We want human beings to start their journey with the body but move towards their inner nature.

从许多方面来说,这一点清楚地表明了世界正在走向何方。现代世界的整个旅程就是这样,从更深层次的维度——精神——正在走向身体。这正是我们想要扭转的。我们希望人类从身体开始他们的旅程,但要不断走向内在本质。


I am incapable of being depressed, otherwise I would be depressed looking at the way hata yoga is being practiced around the world and people thinking that is what it is. The practice as you see it – the mechanics of it, is simply of the body. You have to breathe life into it, otherwise it will not become alive. This is why traditionally, there has been so much stress on a live Guru – to make it alive. The yogic system is a subtle manipulation of your system to allow it to rise to a different level. Yoga means that which allows you to attain to your higher nature. Every asana, every mudra, every way of breathing – everything – is focused towards this.

还好沮丧与我无缘,否则当我看到世界各地的人们都是怎样练习哈他瑜伽,以及人们以为这就是哈他瑜伽的时候,我真的会沮丧。你看到的所有关于瑜伽的修习技巧仅仅是与身体相关,然而,你必须把生命注入其中,否则它就没有生机。这就是为什么在传统上,活着的GURU会感到压力——让它保持生命力。瑜伽体系是一个极其精妙的操纵体系,允许你生命系统提升到一个完全不同的水平。瑜伽意味着你可以达到你的更高本质。每一个体式,每一个手印,每一种呼吸的方法——一切的一切——都是聚焦在这一点上。

Myth 3: Want six-pack abs? Yoga is a great exercise regime.

迷思3:想要六块腹肌吗?瑜伽是一套很好的强化训练方法。

Sadhguru: If fitness is what you are seeking, if you want six-pack abs or whatever number, I would say go and play tennis or hike in the mountains. Yoga is not anexercise, it has other dimensions attached to it. A different dimension of fitness – yes – you get health out of it, but not six-pack abs. If you are doing yoga to burn calories or tone up your muscle, obviously you are doing improper yoga, there is no question about that. For abs, you can go to the gym. Yoga needs to be practiced in a very subtle, gentle way, not in a forceful muscle-building way, because this is not about exercise.

萨古鲁:如果健康是你正在寻找的,如果你想要六块腹肌或者任何数量的漂亮肌肉,我一定会说去打网球吧,山中徒步旅行也不错。瑜伽不是一项健身运动,它有更深的维度。它会带给你身体健康——是的,你会从中得到健康——只是不一样的健康,与六块腹肌无关的健康。如果你做瑜伽是为了燃烧卡路里或增强肌肉,那你就把瑜伽练习错了,这一点毫无疑问。如果你要的是腹肌,你可以去健身房。瑜伽需要以一种非常精妙、非常柔和的方式来练习,绝不能用激烈的锻炼肌肉的方式,瑜伽与锻炼无关。  


The physical body has a whole memory structure. If you are willing to read this physical body, everything – how this cosmos evolved from nothingness to this point – is written into this body. When you do asanas, you are opening up that memory and trying to restructure this life towards an ultimate possibility. If hata yoga is taught in a proper atmosphere, it is a fantastic process of shaping your system into a fantastic vessel, a fabulous device to receive the Divine.

我们的身体有一个完整的记忆结构。如果你愿意读这个身体的话,你会发现,宇宙从无到有如何进化的整个过程都已经写进身体了。当你做某个瑜伽体式的时候,实际上是正在开放这个记忆,正试图朝着一个终极的可能性重建生活。如果哈他瑜伽教法得当,它会成为一个不可思议的过程,将你的身体系统塑造成为奇妙的器皿,成为难以置信的用于接纳神圣的装置。

Myth 4: It is only in the last century that yoga has gone global

迷思4:从上个世纪开始瑜伽才成为全球性的

Sadhguru: Today, though it is being practiced in all kinds of manifestations and distortions, at least the word “yoga” is getting a global presence. There has never been one organized body to propagate this, but still, it has survived and lived on because it has worked like nothing else for human wellbeing for the longest period of time.

萨古鲁:今天,尽管瑜伽的练习方式各种各样,被扭曲得乱七八糟,但至少“瑜伽”这个词正在风靡全球。从来没有一个组织实体来传播它,但它仍生存了下来,这是因为在人类的历史长河中,瑜伽始终如一地为增进人类福祉发挥着独特作用。


Millions of people are practicing it, but where did this come from? Who originated yoga? The story is very long; its antiquity is lost in the hoary of time. In the yogic culture, Shiva is not known as a God, but as the Adiyogi or the first yogi – the originator of yoga. He was the one who first put this seed into the human mind.

数以百万计的人如今正在练习它,但它从哪儿来的?是谁创立的瑜伽?这个故事很长,它的古老遗迹已经迷失在久远的时间中了。在瑜伽文化中,湿婆(Shiva)并非以一个大神的身份,而是以Adiyogi(第一个瑜伽士,也就是瑜伽创始人)的身份而著称。是他最早把这颗种子带进人类思维的。

 

The first part of Shiva’s teaching was to Parvathi, his wife. The second set of yoga teachings were expounded to the first seven disciples. This happened at the banks of Kanti Sarovar at Kedarnath. This is where the world’s first yoga program happened.

湿婆最初的教学对象是他的妻子帕尔瓦蒂( Parvathi)。他的第二批教学对象是他最早期的七个门徒。在Kedarnat的Kanti Sarovar岸边,湿婆向他的七个门徒详细传授了瑜伽。这是世界上最早的瑜伽课。


After many years, when the transmission of the yogic science was complete, it produced seven fully enlightened beings – the seven celebrated sages who are today known as the Sapta Rishis, and are worshipped and admired in Indian culture. Shiva put different aspects of yoga into each of these seven people, and these aspects became the seven basic forms of yoga. Even today, yoga has maintained these seven distinct forms.

许多年以后,瑜伽科学完成了它的传播。在这一过程中产生了七个完全开悟的人——那就是在印度文化中得到广泛尊崇的著名的七圣。湿婆把瑜伽的七个不同方面分别传给了这七位圣人,形成了瑜伽的七种基本形式,一直到今天,瑜伽始终保持这七种独特的形式。

 

The Sapta Rishis were sent in seven different directions to different parts of the world to carry this dimension with which a human being can evolve beyond his present limitations and compulsions.One went to Central Asia, one to the Middle East and North Africa, one to South America, one stayed right there with Adiyogi, one to the lower regions of Himalayas, one to Eastern Asia and one travelled south into the Indian subcontinent. Time has ravaged many things, but when the cultures of those lands are carefully looked at, small strands of these people’s work can be seen, still alive. It has taken on various colors and forms, and has changed its complexion in a million different ways, but these strands can still be seen.

七圣被派往七个不同的方向,将瑜伽的维度带到世界各地——通过这个维度人类可以进化到超越他当下的局限性和强制性的境地。一位圣人去了中亚,一位到中东和北非,一位到南美,一位留在当地与Adiyogi在一起,一位去了亚洲喜马拉雅山脉较低的区域,一位去了东亚,一位向南旅行到印度次大陆。时间毁坏了许多东西,但是如果仔细观察这些地域文化的话,这些圣人工作的些微痕迹还是能看到的,依然还有生命力。只是具有了不同的色彩和形式,它的面孔变化万千,但这些痕迹还是依稀可见。

Myth 5: Find your groove. Yoga & music go well.

迷思5:找到你的最佳状态。瑜伽和音乐混在一起会很好。


Sadhguru: There should never be a mirror or music when you practice asanas. Hata yoga demands a certain involvement of your body, mind, energy and the innermost core. If you want to get the involvement of that which is the source of creation within you, your body, your mind, your energy must be absolutely involved. You should approach it with a certain reverence and certain focus. Not just going, playing music and doing something. One of the biggest problems in yoga studios is, the teacher is doing asanas and speaking. This is a sure way to cause damage to yourself.

萨古鲁:在练习瑜伽体式的时候不要使用镜子或是音乐。哈他瑜伽需要身体、心智、能量和你的最内在核心的共同参与。如果你想使你里面的创造之源参与其中,那么你的身体、心智和能量必须完全地投入。敬畏之心和精神的集中在瑜伽的练习中是必要的。不只是走来走去、放音乐,诸如此类的这些事情,瑜伽馆里最大的问题是教师在做体式的同时开口讲解。这一定会造成伤害。

 

No talking in the asana is not just a norm, it is a rule. You never ever speak in postures. The breath, the mental focus and the stability of energy is most important when you are doing the asana. If you speak, you will destroy all that. At least eight to ten people have come to us with serious imbalances with which we have helped them. I think about four of them have given up their profession now because they knew what nonsense they were doing.

在做瑜伽的时候不要讲话,这不仅仅是一种规范,更应该是一个规定。在做出不同姿式的时候,永远不要说话。当你做瑜伽体式的时候,呼吸、精神集中和稳定的能量是最重要的。这个时候讲话,你会毁掉一切。至少8到10人因为严重失衡来找我们寻求帮助。其中4个人已经放弃了他们的职业,因为他们知道他们自己曾经在做的事有多荒谬。

 

A few years ago when I was in America, I was invited to speak in a yoga studio by someone. So I went to her yoga studio and music was playing –chang, chang, chang – to keep everybody enthusiastic. She was inardhamatsyendrasana and was talking to a group of people. When she saw me, she just jumped up from the table, came and hugged me.

几年前当我在美国时,有人请我去一家瑜伽馆演讲。我去了她的瑜伽馆,音乐正在播放,音乐的声音使得每一个人都热情饱满。她在做半鱼王体式(单腿站立伸展式)的同时跟一群人说话。当她看见我,立刻跳起来拥抱我。

 

I took her aside and told her, “See, you will bring serious imbalances into your system. How long have you been doing this?” She said some fifteen, sixteen years. I said, “If you’ve done this for sixteen years, you must be suffering from this, this and this.” She looked at me terrified and the next day she comes to me and says, “Sadhguru, what you said has been happening to me. I’m going through all sorts of treatment from the doctors.” I said, “You don’t need a doctor, you are causing it. You stop this, this will go away.” After about one-and-a-half years, she gave up teaching yoga.

我把她拉到一边告诉她,“看,你这样会给你的身体系统带来严重的不平稳。你做这个多久了?”她说,十五、六年吧。我说:“如果你已经这样做了十六年了,你一定已经出现了这样、这样、这样的问题。”她看着我吓坏了,第二天就跑到我这里来说:“萨古鲁,你所说的那些都已经发生在我身上了。我正在看医生,进行各种的治疗。”我说:“你不需要医生,你是这些病痛的原因。停下来,这些现象都会消失。”大约一年半后,她放弃了教瑜伽。


A lot of people who have done improper yoga have lost their mental balance. This is not because yoga is dangerous. Stupidity has always been a dangerous thing on the planet. You do something stupid, it will cause damage to you. Stupidity is one thing which has always been a dangerous thing on this planet, right from ancient times.

许多按照不正确的方法练习瑜伽的人已经失去了精神上的平衡。这并非因为瑜伽是危险的。愚蠢一直是地球上危险的事。你做蠢事,它就会对你造成伤害。愚蠢一直是这个星球上最危险的事,从远古时代就如此。

Myth 6: Need a yoga study guide? You can learn yoga from a book.

迷思6:需要一本瑜伽学习指南?你可以从书中学习瑜伽。

Sadhguru: Today, if you enter any major bookstore, you will find a minimum of 15 to 20 different yoga books. How to learn yoga in 7 days, how to become a yogi in 21 days… Many people have caused immense damage to themselves by learning yoga through books. It seems to be very simple, but when you do it, you will see it is a very subtle aspect. This has to be done with perfect understanding and proper guidance. Without this, one can get into deep trouble. A book can inspire you, but it is not meant to teach a practice.

萨古鲁:今天,如果你进入任何一个大型书店,你会发现至少15-20本不同的关于瑜伽的书。如何用7天时间学会瑜伽,如何在21天内成为瑜伽士……通过书籍来学习瑜伽,许多人已经造成了巨大的损害。瑜伽看上去很简单,但当你练习它的时候,你会发现它是一个非常精妙的东西。一定要对瑜伽有充分了解和在恰当的指导之下练习。没有这个前提,修习者可能会遇到很大的麻烦。一本书可以激励你,但这并不意味着它可以代替老师教你实践。

Myth 7: Yoga is something you practice every morning and evening

迷思7:瑜伽只需要你每天早晚练习




Sadhguru: Yoga is not something that you do morning-evening. It is a certain way of being. One must become yoga. If it’s morning-evening yoga, the rest of the time entanglement – this is not yoga, this is only yoga practice.

萨古鲁:瑜伽不是一件你一早一晚做了就行的事。它是一种特定的存在方式。你整个人必须成为瑜伽。如果你只是早晚练习,其余时间在生活中纠缠不休——这不是瑜伽,这只是瑜伽练习。


There is no aspect of life which is excluded from the yogic process. If your life becomes yoga, then you can do everything. You can run your family, you can go to the office, you can run your business, you can do whatever you want without any problem if your way of being becomes yoga. Every aspect of life, either you can use it to entangle yourself or to liberate yourself. If you are using it to entangle yourself, we call it as karma. If you are using it to liberate yourself, we call it yoga.

 

生活中没有一个方面是可以排除在瑜伽过程之外的。如果你的生活变成瑜伽,那么你可以做任何事。你可以经营家庭,你可以去办公室,你可以经营你的生意,你可以做任何你想要的事,没有问题——只要你的存在方式变成瑜伽。生活的每一个方面,你可以用它缠住自己,也可以用它来解放自己。如果你正在用它来缠住自己,我们称之为业力;如果你正在用它来解放自己,我们称之为瑜伽。






 
 
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